In this article:
What Does The Term I/O Mean?
I/O, short for “input” and “output,” is a fundamental concept in computing. It represents the relationship between inputs and outputs in a computer system. When you open a document on your computer and use the keyboard to print it, you are experiencing I/O in action. The keyboard serves as the input device, while the printer acts as the output device. This simplified explanation of I/O provides a solid starting point for understanding I/O cards and their functionality.
The ports on your laptop or desktop computer, commonly referred to as I/O ports, serve the same purpose. You connect peripheral devices such as USB cords, controllers, or other external devices, which act as inputs. The function controlled or operated by these devices represents the output.
What Are IO Cards?
When examining an I/O card, you’ll notice its resemblance to a circuit board. That’s because it essentially is one! This board is designed to be inserted into a slot on a computer’s motherboard, enabling it to control peripheral devices such as controllers or mice.
I/O cards are known by various names, including interface cards, adapters, or controllers. They are also commonly referred to as expansion cards since they enhance the capabilities of computers and laptops. It’s worth noting that I/O cards are not limited to personal computer use alone; they are also extensively utilized in industrial settings where their size and complexity are significantly greater than those used in personal computing.
How Does A I/O card Work?
I/O cards play a vital role as a link between a computer and external devices, spanning from monitors to keyboards. When an external device sends a signal, it is received by the I/O card, triggering a corresponding action.
The external-facing portion of an I/O card is designed to accommodate a wide range of devices and cables. While some inputs may be as simple as a USB plug, larger industrial-grade I/O cards can be tailored to support specialized plugs and devices