In this article:
- What Is A Frame Grabber Card?
- What Specifications Should Be Considered When Looking At Frame Grabber Cards?
- What Are The Common Acquisition Features Of Frame Grabber Cards?
What Is A Frame Grabber Card?
Frame grabbers play a crucial role in industrial applications like quality control by capturing and storing image data. These image processing computer boards can function in both monochrome and colour modes. Monochrome, also known as black and white or grayscale, represents images using shades of black, white and grey.
To generate a broad range of colours, frame grabbers employ various combinations of discrete colours, with a common technique being the sensing of red, green and blue components (RGB) and their combination.
What Specifications Should Be Considered When Looking At Frame Grabber Cards?
When considering frame grabbers capable of handling analogue camera outputs, it is essential to take into account the analogue camera specifications. One important factor to consider is the input pixel acquisition depth, which refers to the number of bits in each pixel. Increasing the pixel depth enhances the level of detail reproduced in the scanned image. Acquisition formats for these frame grabbers include RS170, CCIR, RS330, RS422, NTSC, Y/C, PAL, and RGB.
For frame grabbers that support digital camera outputs, it is also crucial to consider the input pixel acquisition depth.
What Are The Common Acquisition Features Of Frame Grabber Cards?
- Digitisation Accuracy S/N
- Number of Video Inputs
- Number of Input Lookup Tables
- On-board Video Memory
- Overlay Buffer Memory
- Trigger Input
- High Resolution Cameras
- Line Scan Capture
- Gain Scaling
- Offset Scaling
The Signal-to-Noise ratio (SNR) is a crucial metric that quantifies the ratio between the peak-to-peak camera signal output current and the RMS noise in the output current. This ratio indicates the extent of noise present in the signal, which directly impacts the uncertainty in the resulting image. Various sources contribute to noise, including “dark current” in sensors, electromagnetic interference, and other unwanted non-image signal elements. A higher SNR value signifies minimal image degradation caused by noise.
The number of video inputs denotes the capacity of a frame grabber to handle multiple video signals concurrently. High-resolution cameras often support camera inputs exceeding 1,000 x 1,000 pixels.
When it comes to output choices for frame grabbers, options include RS170, CCIR, RS330, RS422, NTSC, Y/C, RGB, PAL, SVGA, and VGA. Common display features encompass single screen (pass through) operation or dual screen operation, hardware image processor, hardware scaling, hardware region of interest, strobe output, and acceptance or generation of video timing signals. As for computer bus interface choices, they consist of PCSI bus, ISA/EISA bus, VESA/Local bus, PC card/PCMCIA, Mac-Nubus, Mac-PCI, Sun-Sbus, STD bus, Multibus, VME, and VXI/MXI.
Additionally, it is crucial to consider the operating temperature as an important environmental parameter.